Knowledge is Powerback to contents
According to Anastasia Zoteeva, work on the Akkuyu construction site is concentrated in several areas. Just recently, workers finished installing the second tier of the internal containment structure at Unit 1. Also, concreting of the basemat began at Unit 2.
The plant management stays in close cooperation with local companies in an effort to increase local content in the services and materials procured for the project. As a result of its efforts, steel rebar for the nuclear power plant will be supplied entirely by Turkish companies.
Local engineers are also given priority in recruitment, Anastasia Zoteeva says. “Since hiring employees from Russia and other countries is more costly, most jobs at Akkuyu are given to locals. At present, Turkish citizens account for about 80 % of Akkuyu Nükleer’s staff.” There are 6,000 employees working at the construction site now.
In order to improve the qualification of Turkish employees, Rosatom has arranged for their training in Russia. As many as 143 engineers from Turkey graduated from Russian universities and took jobs at the Akkuyu NPP with another 120 students continuing their education.
On-site workers undergo training as well. Fire drills were organized in the office buildings for the administrative staff to learn how to safely escape the building in case of fire.
After a fire alarm went off, all 368 employees left the office buildings and proceeded to the meeting point, and a fire brigade consisting of four firefighters and a driver arrived at the site. The fully equipped fire brigade had drills.
“Members of the on-site firefighting crew daily take part in three theory classes and two practice sessions. Thanks to the continuous training, the fire drill was a success. These drills are organized to comply with the Turkish law and practice the interaction between response teams and coordination of their activities,” Semih Kumaş of the Fire Safety Department concluded.
The fire brigade of Akkuyu Nükleer is on duty round the clock. When on duty, its crew members also study occupational health and safety requirements, national fire safety regulations, do physical exercises and practice teamwork skills indoors and outdoors.
Rosatom Group companies continue manufacturing and shipping machinery and equipment for Akkuyu in accordance with the delivery schedule.
AAEM, a joint venture of Rosatom’s engineering division AtomEnergoMash and General Electric, developed a design of embedded parts for the condenser to be installed at Akkuyu. The parts are produced at ZiO-Podolsk, a subsidiary of AtomEnergoMash. The task of AAEM was to perform strength analysis and 3D modeling, prepare engineering design documents and supervise the production of embedded parts.
That was the first shipment made by AEMM for a steam turbine plant. The weight of more than 200 parts shipped by AEMM is about 17.5 tonnes. The total number of embedded parts exceeds 700.
According to the contract for the supply of machinery and equipment for Akkuyu’s turbine island, AAEM and ZiO-Podolsk will design and manufacture condensers, deaerators, separators, superheaters, high-pressure and low-pressure preheaters.
The Central Design and Technology Institute (a subsidiary of Rosatom’s fuel division) signed a contract for the manufacture and supply of loaders to be used at Akkuyu.
The institute will develop specifications, ship the loaders for each power unit and provide installation and commissioning services. The loaders will be manufactured in Russia.
They are used to load nuclear fuel into the reactor, remove spent nuclear fuel and otherwise handle fuel assemblies and control rods.
The loaders are installed inside the air-tight reactor containment above the reactor pit and a cooling pond. The total weight of an assembled loader is about 55 tonnes.
The first loader for Unit 1 is expected to be delivered in 2022. Loaders for the other units will be shipped by the end of 2025, as planned. Their installation and commissioning will be completed in 2026. The Central Design and Technology Institute has begun preparing the project design and engineering documents for the loaders.
In other news
Knowledge is Powerback to contents
Rosatom offers several training programs for employees of the future nuclear power plant. Students from Bangladesh enroll leading Russian universities every single year. The Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering and Rosatom Technical Academy plan to jointly graduate more than 200 students majoring in nuclear-related professions. Their curriculum covers both theory and work experience, as well as internship at the relevant operating Russian nuclear power plants.
Rosatom strives to give as many people in Bangladesh as possible an idea of what nuclear energy is. It supports young people in their interest towards nuclear and related fields of science. In February, Rosatom organized “Precise Energy” Science Olympiad for the universities of Rajshahi Division, which hosts country’s first nuclear power plant. Russia’s State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom, its engineering division ASE, which is the general contractor for the Rooppur NPP and Russia’s National Research Nuclear University (MEPhI) supported the event.
Over 1,600 students from Rajshahi University, Rajshahi University of Science and Technology, Pabna University of Science and Technology and Kushtia Islamic University registered for the first round of the Olympiad, out of which, 150 students were selected for the final round. It was a three-hour-long written examination in physics, mathematics or chemistry based on students’ preference.
Rooppur NPP Site Director Ashraful Islam, ASE Head of Communications Nina Dementsova and Energy of the Future Deputy CEO Alexander Baybakov addressed the concluding ceremony held in Ishwardi. The ceremony was attended by Feroz Kabir, Additional SP of Ishwardi Circle, Momtaz Mahal, AC Land of Ishwardi, Hamidur Rahman, Principal, Ishwardi Mohila Degree College. Senior officials from partner organizations, participants of the final round, local dignitaries and media representatives were also present on the occasion.
Top three participants in each subject received certificates, crests and special gift hampers; top five were awarded with certificates and crests, and each participant of the final round received a certificate of participation.
The Information Center on Nuclear Energy in Dhaka (ICONE Dhaka) continues its educational activities during the lockdown with support from Rosatom. The center came up with a plan to hold a series of online events in April. These events ranged from quizzes and tournaments to online lectures by prominent scientists. For example, Dr. Khairul Islam, Head of Plasma Physics, Atomic Energy Center Dhaka, BAEC, hosted a lecture on fusion technology and global energy sources. Online events also included Nuclear Dilemma Tournament held in two phases, Nuclear Hypothesis Tournament, online quizzes on the 75th anniversary of the Russian nuclear industry and the 100 years of Mujibur Rahman (interesting facts from his life), and a flash mob of science readings.
Since the quarantine measures were extended, ICONE Dhaka added new educational activities to its online lineup in May with support from Rosatom.
These new events included sessions with nuclear industry professionals discussing progress at the Rooppur NPP, careers in the Bangladeshi nuclear industry, basic operation and safety systems of nuclear power plants, and other topics. There were also a lecture and a quiz on the operation of nuclear power plants, as well as a virtual trip to the Information Center on Nuclear Energy.
An online course for teachers, who wanted to improve their knowledge in nuclear, was another highlight. MEPhI, a world leading higher education institution in nuclear, offers an online course adapted for Bangladesh teachers interested in nuclear and willing to improve their teaching skills. The course covers many questions, including those asked by Ishwardi residents on the website (sources of radiation, radiation and environment, history of the nuclear industry, etc.).
After completing the online course, they will be able to teach a similar course to their students.
The coronavirus pandemic has not affected the construction of the Rooppur nuclear power plant. The project is right on schedule. Necessary measures are taken at the site to prevent the spread of COVID‑19. Russian companies continue manufacturing machinery and equipment for the Rooppur NPP. In mid-May, Rosatom’s subsidiary Atomenergomash completed welding on the closing seam to join two halves of the reactor pressure vessel. The welding process took 10 days. The next step includes testing and checks of the weld, including X-ray examination, ultrasonic and penetrant testing.