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  • ITER. The first four Russian gyrotron complexes were sent to the construction site of the international thermonuclear reactor ITER. Gyrotrons are devices for additional plasma heating and current generation. “Without these complex systems, it is impossible to obtain the first plasma in the reactor; the operation of ITER without gyrotrons is unfeasible. This is the result of many years of painstaking work done by our scientists, engineers, who have tremendous experience and groundwork in the manufacture of such devices,” said Anatoly Krasilnikov, head of the Russian ITER Agency. In total, Russia will manufacture and supply 8 (out of 24) gyrotrons for ITER.
    Fuel. Rosatom and the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan signed a contract for the supply of modified nuclear fuel for the VVR-SM research reactor. Dense uranium and uranium silicide fuels perform better than standard fuel assemblies. Due to the higher concentration of uranium, a proportional increase in the duration of the fuel campaign can be ensured. Fuel deliveries will be made in 2022 and 2023.
    Wind Power. Rosatom has started the installation of wind power plants at the Kuzminskaya WPP (southern Russia). The site will house 64 wind turbines with a capacity of 2.5 MW each. The planned average annual output is 378 million kWh. As of now, four wind farms are already operating in the region: Kochubeevskaya wind farm (210 MW), Karmalinovskaya wind farm (60 MW), Bondarevskaya wind farm (120 MW) and Medvezhenskaya wind farm (60 MW). All construction and installation work at Berestovskaya wind farm (60 MW) and Trunovskaya wind farm (95 MW) have been completed.
    SMR. A roadmap on cooperation between Rosatom, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Electrification of Myanmar was signed. The document envisions specific steps to further widen Russian-Myanmar cooperation in the nuclear sector. In particular, it provides for the expansion of the bilateral regulatory framework, possible implementation of a nuclear power plant project with a low-power reactor, as well as training of personnel and work on improving public opinion regarding nuclear energy in the country.
    Hydrogen. Rosatom and the Chinese Energy Company signed a memorandum of understanding, which involves cooperation on a pilot project for the construction of a hydrogen plant on the Russian island of Sakhalin. The document outlines the main conditions for export deliveries of hydrogen from Russia to China. “We plan to start construction of the plant next year and put it into commercial operation in 2025. In order to export hydrogen to China, we are considering the scenario of ship transportation of hydrogen in liquefied form in tank containers,” said Evgeny Pakermanov, President of Rusatom Overseas (part of Rosatom).
    Northern Sea Route. Rosatom is considering entering into an agreement with the UAE on the establishment of the international transit container route on the Northern Sea Route (NSR), said the head of Rosatom Alexey Likhachev. Rosatom is the infrastructure operator of the NSR. In 2021, Rosatom signed an agreement with DP World (controlled by the government of the emirate of Dubai) to develop pilot container traffic between North-Western Europe and East Asia using the backbone transport infrastructure in the Arctic.
    Floating nuclear power plants. The hull of the first floating power unit based on the RITM-200 reactor was laid down. The laying took place at a shipyard in China. The hull will be delivered to Russia by the end of 2023 for the completion and installation of power equipment. This is the first of four nuclear floating power units with an installed electric capacity of 106 MW each, intended for operation in northern Russia. At the same time, Russia is already manufacturing equipment for a nuclear power plant for all four floating power units.
    New icebreakers. Rosatom has completed the next stage of manufacturing the RITM-400 reactor for the Leader-class super-icebreaker. RITM-400 is almost twice as powerful as the RITM-200 reactors used on current generation icebreakers, allowing the upcoming icebreaker to break through ice up to 4.3 meters thick and lay a channel up to 50 meters wide. As a result, the Leader-class icebreakers will provide year-round navigation along the Northern Sea Route. The first icebreaker of this class will be built by 2027.
    Small reactors. Ghana and Russia hosted an event on small modular reactor (SMR) technology. Rosatom experts spoke about the advantages and technical features of SMRs, safety aspects, as well as the process of their licensing. Ghanaian experts shared their vision of the prospects for the development of the country’s nuclear energy. Head of the Division of Nuclear and Alternative Energy, Ministry of Energy of Ghana, Robert B.M. Sogbaji said that Ghana’s Ministry of Energy was developing the National Energy Transition Plan that would help the country transition to cleaner energy, in which nuclear power plays a critical role.