Icebreakers. The nuclear icebreaker Ural went on its first voyage on December 2. At the end of November, Ural became a part of Atomflot (part of Rosatom). It it the seventh nuclear-powered icebreaker in Russia and the third icebreaker of the 22220 project. This project has the ability to change draft in order to enter estuaries and shallow waters. Also, at the end of November, the fourth icebreaker of the new generation Yakutia was launched. It already has RITM-200 nuclear reactors and almost all the main equipment installed. The vessel is scheduled to be commissioned in December 2024.
Construction sites. Rosatom has manufactured the bottom of the reactor vessel for the Akkuyu NPP Unit 4 under construction in Turkey. The operation took place in two stages. First, a steel billet in the form of a pipe was bent under the pressure of a press into a sheet of metal. Then the “hood” of the bottom was carried out. A round billet weighing 64 tons was heated for six hours at a maximum temperature of more than 1000 degrees. Then, with the help of a crane, the billet was transferred to the die equipment and the bottom of the reactor was formed. In Turkey, Rosatom is simultaneously building four units of the Akkuyu NPP with VVER-1200 reactors.
Northern Sea Route. The Hydrographic Enterprise of Rosatom has completed a record volume of surveys of the water area of the Northern Sea Route. Based on the results of the summer-autumn navigation in 2022, a survey of 45,200 linear km of the bottom topography was carried out. This is the highest figure in the history of modern Russia. “In the coming years, an increase in cargo traffic to the east is expected, however, the eastern section of the Northern Sea Route is cartographically less studied than the western one. In total, more than 30,000 linear kilometers were explored in the eastern section, which is approximately 67% of the total amount of work,” said Andrey Oleinikov, Chief Engineer of the Hydrographic Enterprise.